Casting is a manufacturing process in which a liquid material is usually poured into a mold,which contains a hollow cavity of the desired shape, and then allowed to solidify,the solidified part is also known as a casting.This process can create a product with a high degree of accuracy, repeatability and integrity in a variety of metals and high-performance alloys.The casting method is consistently used to make complex shapes that would be otherwise difficult or uneconomical to make by other methods.
Forging is a manufacturing process involving the shaping of metal using localized compressive forces.The blows are delivered with a hammer(often a power hammer) or a die. Forging can produce a piece that is stronger than an equivalent cast or machined part. As the metal is shaped during the forging process, its internal grain deforms to follow the general shape of the part. As a result, the grain is continuous throughout the part, giving rise to a piece with improved strength characteristics.
- Open Die Forging
- Closed Die Forging
Machining is any of various processes in which a piece of raw material is cut into a desired final shape and size by a controlled material-removal process. Machining is a part of the manufacture of many metal products.Much of modern-day machining is carried out by computer numerical control (CNC), in which computers are used to control the movement and operation of the mills, lathes, and other cutting machines.